An alumnus of Bombay's renowned St. Test debut[ edit ] First test match win in West Indies[ edit ] After missing the first Test due to an infected fingernail, Gavaskar scored 65 and 67 not out in the second Test in Port-of-Spain , Trinidad , hitting the winning runs which gave India its first-ever win over the West Indies.
He returned to Trinidad for the fifth Test and scored and to help India to its first ever series victory over the West Indies, and the only one until His performance in the Test made him the second player after Doug Walters to score a century and double century in the same match.
He also became the first Indian to make four centuries in one Test series, the second Indian after Vijay Hazare to score two centuries in the same Test , and the third after Hazare and Polly Umrigar to score centuries in three consecutive innings.
He was the first Indian to aggregate more than runs in a series, and this runs at He was unable to maintain his performance, making only two half-centuries.
He was involved in controversy when taking a quick single from the bowling of John Snow. They collided, and Gavaskar fell over.
Snow was charged with deliberately barging into Gavaskar and was suspended. Gavaskar's runs at the low average of 24,  led some to question Gavaskar's worthiness for international cricket.
He was ineffective in the first three Tests, accumulating only sixty runs in five innings as India took a 2—1 lead. He scored some runs in the final two Tests which India drew to complete consecutive series wins over England.
His first home series was largely disappointing, aggregating runs at He managed runs at He scored runs at 27, with an 86 bowled by Lance Gibbs at Bombay's Wankhede Stadium hosting the first test on this ground, the closest the Indian public got to see a century. As a result, India secured an eight-wicket victory.
He ended the series with runs at These were his third and fourth centuries at the grounds. The Indians' mastery of the Caribbean spinners on a turning track reportedly led West Indian captain Clive Lloyd to vow that he would rely on pace alone in future Tests.
Gavaskar totalled runs at The first was in front of his home crowd at the Wankhede Stadium , helping India to a victory. Gavaskar scored another half-century in the Second Test to end the series with at In the First Test against England at Delhi , he was mobbed upon becoming the first Indian to reach Test runs in a calendar year.
India won the third but lost the earlier two. He finished the Five Test series with runs at 50, failing twice as India lost the final Test and the series 3—2. For the first time, Gavaskar faced Pakistani pace spearhead Imran Khan , who described him as "The most compact batsman I've bowled to.
Gavaskar saved his best for the Third Test in Karachi , scoring and in the Third, but was unable to prevent a defeat and series loss.
Gavaskar finished the series with runs at Gavaskar was captain of the Indian team on several occasions in the late s and early s, although his record is less than impressive.
Often equipped with unpenetrative bowling attacks he tended to use conservative tactics which resulted in a large number of draws.
During his tenure, Kapil Dev emerged as a leading pace bowler for the country. He captained India to nine victories and eight losses, but most of the games were drawn, Gavaskar's several large centuries contrasted with several failures. After failing to score in the Second Test, he scored and not out in the Third Test at Calcutta , another high scoring draw.
This made him the first player in Test history to achieve centuries in both innings of a Test three times.
He managed only 4 and 1 in the Fourth Test in Madras as India forced the only win of the series. He posted a fourth century for the series, scoring in the Fifth Test at Delhi, becoming the first Indian to pass Test runs.
He aggregated runs at The official reason given was that Srinivas Venkataraghavan was preferred due to his superior experience on English soil, but most observers believed that Gavaskar was punished because he was believed to be considering defecting to World Series Cricket.
He started consistently, scoring four half-centuries in five innings of the first three Tests.
India was 1—0 down needed to reach a world record target of to square the series. An Ian Botham led fightback saw Gavaskar removed, with India still needing 49 runs from 46 balls. With three balls left in the match, all four results were possible. India ended nine runs short with two wickets in hand when stumps were drawn.
According to Sanjay Manjrekar , it was "Vintage Gavaskar, playing swing bowling to perfection, taking his time initially and then opening up.
Nothing in the air, everything copybook. The first two Tests against Australia were high scoring draws where only 45 wickets fell, with India taking a first-innings lead in both after making scores over India broke through for a run win in the Third Test at Kanpur , where Gavaskar scored He made in the Fourth Test in Delhi , where India were unable to convert a run first innings lead, resulting in a draw.
After another stalemate in the Fifth Test, Gavaskar scored in the Sixth Test, where Australia collapsed by an innings after India posted their fourth first innings in excess of for the series. The series against Pakistan was similarly high scoring, with four draws, three of which did not reach the fourth innings.
At Madras, he made in the first innings and was unbeaten on 29 when India brought up the winning runs. Having secured the series 2—0, Gavaskar was removed from the captaincy for the drawn Sixth Test.
This occurred because Gavaskar had refused to tour the West Indies for another series immediately afterwards, asking for a rest. As a result, Gundappa Viswanath was appointed so that he could prepare his leadership skills for the tour. In the end the tour did not go ahead as the West Indian board were not interested in a team without Gavaskar.