The White Stockings played their home games at West Side Grounds and quickly established themselves as one of the new league's top teams. Spalding won forty-seven games and Barnes led the league in hitting at.
After back-to-back pennants in and , Hulbert died, and Spalding, who had retired to start Spalding sporting goods, assumed ownership of the club. The White Stockings, with Anson acting as player-manager, captured their third consecutive pennant in , and Anson established himself as the game's first true superstar.
In and , after winning N. Both seasons resulted in matchups with the St. Louis Brown Stockings , with the clubs tying in and with St.
Louis winning in This was the genesis of what would eventually become one of the greatest rivalries in sports.
As a result, Chicago's club nickname transitioned, and by they had become known as the Chicago Colts,  or sometimes "Anson's Colts", referring to Cap's influence within the club. Anson was the first player in history credited with collecting 3, career hits.
After a disappointing record of 59—73 and a ninth-place finish in , Anson was released by the Cubs as both a player and manager. They then won back-to-back World Series titles in —08 In , Spalding, who by this time had revamped the roster to boast what would soon be one of the best teams of the early century, sold the club to Jim Hart.
The franchise was nicknamed the Cubs by the Chicago Daily News in , although not officially becoming the Chicago Cubs until the season. Adams ' poem Baseball's Sad Lexicon. With Chance acting as player-manager from to , the Cubs won four pennants and two World Series titles over a five-year span.
Although they fell to the "Hitless Wonders" White Sox in the World Series , the Cubs recorded a record victories and the best winning percentage. With mostly the same roster, Chicago won back-to-back World Series championships in and , becoming the first Major League club to play three times in the Fall Classic and the first to win it twice.
However, the Cubs would not win another World Series until ; this remains the longest championship drought in North American professional sports. Some historians think Kling's absence was significant enough to prevent the Cubs from also winning a third straight title in , as they finished 6 games out of first place.
In , advertising executive Albert Lasker obtained a large block of the club's shares and before the season assumed majority ownership of the franchise. Lasker brought in a wealthy partner, Charles Weeghman , the proprietor of a popular chain of lunch counters who had previously owned the Chicago Whales of the short-lived Federal League.
As principal owners, the pair moved the club from the West Side Grounds to the much newer Weeghman Park , which had been constructed for the Whales only two years earlier, where they remain to this day.
The Cubs responded by winning a pennant in the war-shortened season of , where they played a part in another team's curse : the Boston Red Sox defeated Grover Cleveland Alexander 's Cubs four games to two in the World Series , Boston's last Series championship until Beginning in , Bill Wrigley of chewing-gum fame acquired an increasing quantity of stock in the Cubs.
By he was the majority owner, maintaining that status into the s. Meanwhile, the year saw the start of the tenure of Bill Veeck, Sr.
Veeck would hold that post throughout the s and into the 30s. The management team of Wrigley and Veeck came to be known as the "double-Bills. Unfortunately, their success did not extend to the Fall Classic , as they fell to their AL rivals each time. The '32 series against the Yankees featured Babe Ruth's " called shot " at Wrigley Field in game three.
There were some historic moments for the Cubs as well; In , Hack Wilson , one of the top home run hitters in the game, had one of the most impressive seasons in MLB history, hitting 56 home runs and establishing the current runs-batted-in record of In the Cubs claimed the pennant in thrilling fashion, winning a record 21 games in a row in September.
The '38 club saw Dizzy Dean lead the team's pitching staff and provided a historic moment when they won a crucial late-season game at Wrigley Field over the Pittsburgh Pirates with a walk-off home run by Gabby Hartnett, which became known in baseball lore as " The Homer in the Gloamin' ".
Wrigley , son of Bill Wrigley, took over as majority owner. He was unable to extend his father's baseball success beyond , and the Cubs slipped into years of mediocrity, although the Wrigley family would retain control of the team until Due to the wartime travel restrictions, the first three games of the World Series were played in Detroit , where the Cubs won two games, including a one-hitter by Claude Passeau , and the final four were played at Wrigley.
The Cubs lost the series, and did not return until the World Series. After losing the World Series to the Detroit Tigers , the Cubs finished with a respectable 82—71 record in the following year, but this was only good enough for third place.
In the following two decades, the Cubs played mostly forgettable baseball, finishing among the worst teams in the National League on an almost annual basis. From to , they only notched one winning season.
Longtime infielder-manager Phil Cavarretta , who had been a key player during the season, was fired during spring training in after admitting the team was unlikely to finish above fifth place. Although shortstop Ernie Banks would become one of the star players in the league during the next decade, finding help for him proved a difficult task, as quality players such as Hank Sauer were few and far between.
This, combined with poor ownership decisions such as the College of Coaches , and the ill-fated trade of future Hall of Fame member Lou Brock to the Cardinals for pitcher Ernie Broglio who won only seven games over the next three seasons , hampered on-field performance. After losing a dismal games in , the Cubs brought home consecutive winning records in '67 and '68 , marking the first time a Cub team had accomplished that feat in over two decades.
After the game of September 2, the Cubs record was 84—52 with the Mets in second place at 77— But then a losing streak began just as a Mets winning streak was beginning. The Cubs lost the final game of a series at Cincinnati, then came home to play the resurgent Pittsburgh Pirates who would finish in third place.
After losing the first two games by scores of 9—2 and 13—4, the Cubs led going into the ninth inning. A win would be a positive springboard since the Cubs were to play a crucial series with the Mets the next day. But Willie Stargell drilled a two-out, two-strike pitch from the Cubs' ace reliever, Phil Regan, onto Sheffield Avenue to tie the score in the top of the ninth.
The Cubs would lose 7—5 in extra innings. More of the same followed in Philadelphia, as a 99 loss Phillies team nonetheless defeated the Cubs twice, to extend Chicago's losing streak to eight games.
In a key play in the second game, on September 11, Cubs starter Dick Selma threw a surprise pickoff attempt to third baseman Ron Santo, who was nowhere near the bag or the ball. Selma's throwing error opened the gates to a Phillies rally. After that second Philly loss, the Cubs were 84—60 and the Mets had pulled ahead at 85— The Mets would not look back.
The Cubs' eight-game losing streak finally ended the next day in St. Louis, but the Mets were in the midst of a ten-game winning streak, and the Cubs, wilting from team fatigue, generally deteriorated in all phases of the game.
After the core players of those teams started to move on, the 70s got worse for the team, and they became known as "the Loveable Losers. However, the Philadelphia Phillies cut the lead to two by the All-star break, as the Cubs sat 19 games over.
The Cubs finished in fourth place at 81—81, while Philadelphia surged, finishing with wins. The following two seasons also saw the Cubs get off to a fast start, as the team rallied to over 10 games above. This trait became known as the "June Swoon". Again, the Cubs' unusually high number of day games is often pointed to as one reason for the team's inconsistent late season play.
Wrigley died in The Wrigley family sold the team to the Chicago Tribune in , ending a year family relationship with the Cubs. Tribune Company years — Main article: Chicago Cubs season Ryne Sandberg set numerous league and club records in his career and was elected to the Hall of Fame in After over a dozen more subpar seasons, in the Cubs hired GM Dallas Green from Philadelphia to turn around the franchise.
Green had managed the Phillies to the World Series title. The Cubs had finished 71—91 under Lee Elia, who was fired before the season ended by Green. Green continued the culture of change and overhauled the Cubs roster, front-office and coaching staff prior to Jim Frey was hired to manage the Cubs, with Don Zimmer coaching 3rd base and Billy Connors serving as pitching coach.
Green shored  up the roster with a series of transactions.